Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis, fluctuating in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, life long illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Globally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A significant number of those who are chronically affected will get cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die each year from hepatitis C, typically from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral treatments can cure greater than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, consequently reducing the threat of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at the moment no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is ongoing.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is in most cases asymptomatic, and is only very hardly (if ever) related to life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons automatically clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will acquire chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your most significant internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. This hard-working, supersized organ is susceptible to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose affliction called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the presence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most prevalent liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can cause an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
In fact, as many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can bring about scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Consuming too much alcohol can cause fat buildup in the signs of liver failure liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main cause is surplus weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is related to dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a customary diet of more highly processed foods and high amounts of carbohydrates, together with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. Yet, she adds that some folks with fatty livers have none of these risk aspects, which implies that here genes can play an essential role.
Establishing healthy eating habits isn't as challenging or as restrictive as many individuals imagine. The necessary steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly get more info processed foods. Begin on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.